Petra and the Nabateans

The Nabateans. Petra, in the Jordan deserts. Built around 300bce. The ruins of a trading city with hellenistic, roman influences, superficial but skilled copies of styles reflecting trade from all over, even to the untrained eye. The site is located at the intersection of Silk Routes which connected India, China, Egypt, Greek and Roman world….

The stories at the root of it all.

Genesis 21:1–22:19 English Standard Version The Birth of Isaac 21 The Lord kvisited Sarah as he had said, and the Lord did to Sarah las he had promised. 2 And Sarah mconceived and bore Abraham a son in his old age nat the time of which God had spoken to him. 3 Abraham called the name of his son who was born to him, whom Sarah bore…

Using religious texts as sources

Is new. Interesting. With the Old Testament you are talking about a series of writings collated and condensed over thousands of years. These writings reflect real development, without the stories they tell needing to be taken literally. They reflect real places at different points in time.They are uniquely valuable sources but you cant just pick…

The Hajj

The documentary maker who said that Petra was Becca, missed the point of the way the Hajj was defined. Mohammed had to remove pagan idols from this process, had to overcome them for this to be born. The curse of Petra is a part of that but not as the original Mecca. Because the arabs…

Nabatean Gods

This is the pantheon of Nabatean Gods. This is the belief system from which Mohammed emerged.

Nomadic people, family structures, geography

The tribal and klan structure in Arabia wasnt that far removed from that shaping Europe, the difference was that geography inhibited their ability to develop infastructre and this was making everything worse. Providing a barrier to development. Desert. The need to keep moving inhibiting development during a period of extreme economic boom. Potential just going…

Byzantium and image projection

One of the things that defined the power of the Byzantine Empire was the extent to which they exercised power by putting their symbolism on stuff. Roman’s did it and they were Roman’s, it’s just they were now Christians. This is part of the context that produces iconoclasm and the frontier of what would become…


Quite the most remarkable story centred on tehse rather simplistic images. Everyone found out what an image can represent.

Icons, coins, pictures of Christ..

So the Byzantimes used an image of Christ on their coins, later on in the Empire anyway. It wasnt an expression of faith, or it may partially have been, it was because the Islamic Empire would not handle money with an image of Christ on it. It reduced vulnerability to plunder.

Last bag of bread flour…

It is nowopen. Shit just got real. Plenty of yeast but no bread flour and bread flour is why I didnt notice the bread shortage. Bugger.